Nearly a quarter of a million American men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer each year, and around 30,000 will die from the disease. Thankfully, the methods for diagnosing and treating the disease have improved substantially. But when it comes to any prostate cancer symptoms bourbonnais il doctors say its a disease that causes no symptoms initially, and thus remains undetected for a long time. That’s why is crucial to start testing between the ages of 45 to 50.
A Slow Growing Silent Disease
Prostate cancer grows very slowly in many cases, and there are no clear symptoms or typical early warning signs, but increasing PSA often provides early evidence of a malignant tumor. However, when the malignant tumor in the prostate reaches a certain size, the first symptoms of prostate cancer become apparent. But then the cancer has often broken through the capsule of the prostate and spread to the urethra. In most cases, cancer deposits first form in the bones – common symptoms in prostate cancer are then back pain.
The problem for both men and doctors is that there are no specific symptoms of prostate cancer that clearly indicate a malignant tumor. This means that the symptoms – for example when urinating – can also occur in the context of other, harmless diseases. It could be a benign prostate enlargement, prostatitis or just a urinary tract infection. Experts say if you do experience problems urinating, or notice blood while urinating, or in the semen, erectile dysfunction, or pain in the area of the prostate, you should schedule a doctor’s appointment to learn what these signs actually mean.
How Do I Know If I Have It?
There are two main methods used in the diagnosis of prostate cancer. The first is the PSA blood test and second is the digital rectal examination. Prostate Specific Antigen or PSA is a type of enzyme produced in the gland that is found in a blood test. Prior to the 1990s, this type of test was only used to monitor PSA in patients who already had the disease. But it was in this decade when the test began to be used as a method to pre-check for the disease. Unfortunately, many doctors are still skeptical of how efficient this test is, but experts say it’s the best method of screening for prostate cancer.
Nearly 100 percent of prostate cancers are a type known as adenocarcinoma. They grow in the minuscule glands of the prostate. Five percent of prostate cancers do not fall into this type. The other type is known as small cell carcinoma with grows in various cells in the prostate known as neuro-endocrine cells. This type can be very dangerous, and it develops quickly and grows fast. It’s also one of the hardest types to treat.
Don’t Put The Cart Before The Horse
Doctors say, don’t get alarmed. There are several types of treatments, even options for advanced prostate cancer. Medicine and technology is advancing and there is a multi-faceted approach to combating the disease. The most important thing to significantly reduce the risk is having regular checkups.